Environmental Education and Restoration Merge in a New York Harbor Oyster Revival
NYC garbage dump world’s largest landfill-to-park project
I found that these two posts are undergoing in New York city. Both are attempting to clean polluted land or rivers and provide a livable area for wildlife. I found that they are interesting because most of projects in the city were designing a built hardscape for new users, but the project of the billion oyster and the Freshkills Park are aiming to retrieve original residents.
First post is the Billion Oyster Project. The post tried to connect students with the restoration of New York Harbor, returning a livable habitat for oysters. Oyster was the identity of New York harbor, and was exported to world as delicacy. Although, the original habitat in Gowanus was polluted, and covered by toxic waste. Most young people would not think Gowanus was a beautiful bay. Thus, the Billion Oyster Project aims to enlist students in the city, restoring the habitat of oysters. Furthermore, oyster has ability to naturally filter the water, cleaning the polluted water in canal. With the clean water, people are able to enjoy activities in waterfront, elevating the living quality in Gowanus.
The other one is the Freshkills Park, largest landfill-to-park project in the world, is going to open some sections to the public. Although the park won’t be complete until 2035, people long visit this remarkable transformation. The park was a landfill for Gotham’s garbage, but today, there is just the nature smells of trees and water. Three of the landfill’s four mountains of trash are capped, providing public access for visitors. However, the park still has extraction wells for collecting gas from decomposing waste. With each passing year, those wells will produce less gas and eventually closed. Furthermore, the park aims to provide livable habitat for wildlife by complicating treatments. All the caps were covered by multi-layers to control polluted waste under and for planting soils. By restoring the park, the transformation of the park gives wildlife a livable environment and provides opportunities for public education.
The projects above have great potential to improve the environment. Although the time of landscape project is much longer, the impact of landscape design is bigger than architecture.